• Abdomen
    Part of the body between thorax and pelvis
  • Abduction
    Movement of a limb or body part farther from or away from the midline of the body
  • Acetabulum
    Cup-shaped cavity on either side of the pelvis in which the head of the femur articulates
  • Adduction
    Movement of a limb or body part closer to or toward the midline of the body
  • Adrenal glands
    Paired glands lying cranial to the kidneys (one on each side), that produces various hormones, such as epinephrine and cortisol
  • Anatomy
    Study of body structures and their positional relationship to each other
  • Aorta
    Main trunk of the arterial system, originating from the left side of the heart
  • Artery
    Vessel through which blood flows away from the heart to various parts of the body
  • Atrium, atria
    Usually refers to the 2 chambers adjacent to the ventricles of the heart
  • Brachycephalic
    Having a short, wide head. Usually used to describe dogs with shortened faces, such as bulldogs, boxers, boston terriers and pugs
  • Bronchi, bronchus
    A large air passage in the lungs
  • Carpus
    The joint distal to the radius and ulna, and proximal to the metacarpal bones; “the wrist”
  • Caudal vena cava
    A major vein conveying blood from the other veins to the right atrium of the heart
  • Cell
    The smallest unit of living structure capable of independent existence
  • Cephalic vein
    From the carpus, it runs proximally until it reaches the cranial surface of the extensor carpi radialis to the flexor angle of the elbow joint
  • Cephalic vein
    Cranial surface of the forearm
  • Cervical
    Relating to the neck
  • Conjunctiva
    Mucous membrane that lines the eyelids
  • Cornea
    Clear, transparent covering on the eye
  • Esophagus
    Passage extending from the pharynx to the stomach, through which food passes from the mouth to the stomach
  • Extension
    Straightening of a joint or extremity so that the angle between adjoining bones is increased
  • Extremity
    Pertaining to an arm or leg
  • Femoral
    (medial saphenous) vein Inside rear limb
  • Femoral vein
    In the femoral triangle, it lies caudal to the femoral artery, and cranial to the small saphenous nerve. Large and well attached to permit injections
  • Femur
    Bone extending from the pelvis to the knee
  • Flexion
    Bending of a joint or extremity so that the angle between adjoining bones is decreased
  • Gall bladder
    Pear shaped reservoir for bile, located near the right medial lobe of the liver
  • Gingiva
    Mucous membranes and supporting fibrous connective tissue surround the gums
  • Iris
    Colored, contractile membrane between the lens and the cornea; regulates amount of light passing through the pupil
  • Jugular vein
    On each side of the trachea
  • Lens
    Focuses light onto the retina
  • Limb
    Pertaining to an arm or leg
  • Lumbar region
    Part of the back between the thorax and pelvis
  • Mandible
    The lower jaw bone
  • Medial saphenous vein
    Has cranial and caudal branches medial to the stifle joint.
  • Muscle
    Tissue with the ability to contract
  • Muzzle
    The nose and the rostral portions of the upper and lower mouth; device placed around the snout and lower jaw to prevent biting
  • Occipital
    Pertaining to the area of the occiput, located at the back of the head
  • Organ
    Any part of the body exercising a specific function
  • Organism
    Any living individual, plant or animal
  • Pelvis
    The paired hip bones, consisting of the ilium, ischium, pubis and acetabular bones
  • Pinna
    The flap or projecting portion of the ear
  • Quick
    The sensitive tissues of the claw or hoof
  • Retina
    Nervous coat housing photoreceptors in the eye (i.e.rods and cones)
  • Sacrum
    Portion of the spinal column between the lumbar and coccygeal vertebrae, comprised of 3-5 fused vertebrae
  • Saphenous vein (lateral)
    Outside on rear limb
  • Scapula
    The flat, triangular bone that articulates with the humerus to form the shoulder joint; shoulder blade
  • Stifle
    The “knee” of the rear leg. A condylar synovial joint consisting of a femoral & tibial condyle, meniscus and semilunar fibrocartilage
  • System
    A consistent and complex whole made up of correlated and semi-independent parts
  • Tarsus
    The area distal to the tibia and fibula and proximal to the metatarsal bones; “the ankle”
  • Thorax
    The chest; section of the body between the neck and diaphragm
  • Tibia
    The bone between the stifle and the tarsus, located medial to the fibula; the shin bone
  • Tissue
    An aggregation of similar cells or types of cells, adapted to perform one or more specific functions
  • Trachea
    Tubular airway connecting the larynx to the bronchi
  • Vein
    Vessel through which blood returns from organs and body parts to the heart
  • Vessel
    Any channel, tube or duct for carrying fluid, such as blood or lymph